thinking about home changes
Thinking about changes in the house Choose changes according to the capabilities of the individual. The position of a person changes with time, and so changes in the house also have to change accordingly. For example, the person may initially have a slight confusion because there are too many things in the room, or the person may forget where the bathroom is. By removing unnecessary items, and putting up some signs, the person may be relieved. But at a later stage, when the person starts having trouble walking, then a grab rail may be needed. And if the person feels difficulty in getting up from the chair, then a chair with arm is needed. Watching a person’s suffering and being alert is part of deciding to make changes in the household. Also note that the changes should be valid for other members of the household as well. Making changes in the house requires both money and hard work, and the need for change will continue to be needed. Get creative, choose appropriate, efficient and easy-to-do methods. Maybe others have also found a solution for the same type of problem. Get suggestions from friends, ask support groups, even search online. People may also be able to give some tips about your specific equipment and content. See what kinds of difficulties the person has, and how to reduce them, to think about what changes can be made in the home to help the person with dementia. Some of the main areas for which changes can be made are: To increase reality orientation: People with dementia are often confused about place and time/year. Many variations are possible for reality orientation, such as placing a large clock on the wall, hanging a calendar, letting light through a window (so that sunlight reflects day and night), and so on. Removing useless things from the house can also be a relief. Putting up a sign, and turning on more lights can also make a difference. To make daily tasks easier: The items needed are easily available, the person is able to use them properly, the person can move from one part of the house to another,
all these can make the person comfortable in doing his work. If the person is able to do daily tasks on his own or with little help, then he will be comfortable. For this also some changes can be made in the house. Promoting certain behaviors by changing the environment, and reducing other behaviors: decisions such as where and how objects are placed in the home, how colors are chosen, we can change the prominence of objects, and what the person’s attention is. What leads, and what doesn’t, can change. In this way, we can influence what the person would like to do and what not. Making the home safe: It is very important for a person to stay safe at home, especially because their confusion with dementia will continue to increase and physical balance and ability will decrease. In most of the house changes, we re-install or remove items. We also make changes, or bring new types of items, to make use of the items easier. But before making changes, it must be seen that the person will not get distracted by the change? People with dementia often do not like much change. Getting used to new items is very difficult for many people. Such as not being able to understand the buttons of the new phone, or not being able to read the time from the digital clock. If you change the map of the room too much, then the person can panic. Do not be so hasty when making changes that the effect is reversed – keep in mind the possible reaction of the person and keep the amount and speed of the change accordingly. Understand what kind of problems the person is facing. As such, we have to understand that many people with dementia see and feel things differently. What is ordinary to you can be scary to them. Even if the vision is fine, then as the dementia progresses, the person starts having difficulty in reading, because they are unable to recognize letters and words or understand the meaning of words. There is difficulty in walking, coordination starts getting worse, there is also difficulty in holding and using objects. This makes it difficult for them to do daily chores. But family members are able to reduce these problems by making some changes, and as dementia progresses, more changes have to be made in the house accordingly. It has also been found that people with dementia are sometimes unable to gauge how far an object is, or how deep an object is. Keep this issue in mind while making changes.