What is Fire and what means do we have for fire suppression? Basically, it’s the combination of a fuel with a supply of air combined with an ignition source, heat, commonly known as the fire triangle.
Fire is a useful process when controlled but what happens when it gets out of control? Not to fear as fire suppression systems have been developed to rein the condition and render it safe. Fire suppression systems that break the fire triangle in any one component should result in a situation that is manageable. Why the use of the term “manageable” – because various degrees of fire suppression need to be considered with respect to the desired results of their application. When selecting a fire suppression system complete “extinguishment” as opposed to “fire control” should be conceptually addressed based on the goal to be achieved.
How can fire be controlled or extinguished, again we must recall that depriving the fire of one or more components of the fire triangle usually results in a safe condition. A fire suppression design using the fire suppression systems noted herein should be considered.
Types of Systems
A fire suppression system can be selected that utilizes Automatic or Manual control as a method to satisfy the need for fire control. Common uses for these systems include installations in Residential housing, commercial and industrial properties, computer rooms, ships, and aircraft facilities. Generally speaking, occupancies that create high hazards, or limited access should be among the areas to receive a fire suppression system. Remember all systems used for fire suppression should be reviewed by qualified fire suppression design professionals who include licensed contractors and fire protection engineers. Systems consisting of automatic fire sprinklers, chemical systems, and portable manual devices have proven effective in use for fire protection.